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The 4 Basic Maths Operations - Terms Used

January 6, 2019


It is a wonder sometimes that students had progressed up to higher levels in Maths without even knowing some of the terms used in all four basic Arithmetic operations.


To help refresh our minds, I have decided to compile this information to remind everyone now and then what these terms are:








When adding numbers, the numbers added together are called addends while the answer is called the sum.


3 + 2 = 5 where 3 and 2 are addends, while 5 is the sum






In subtraction, the first number is called minuend, the number which is subtracted from it is called a subtrahend. The answer is called the difference.


5 - 2 = 3 In here, 5 is the minuend, 2 is the subtrahend while 3 is the difference.






In multiplication, the first number is called the multiplicand, the number which is multiplied to it is called the multiplier. Both are multiplied together to give the product.


4 x 3 = 12  where 4 is the multiplicand, 3 is the multiplier while 12 is the product.






In division, the first number is the dividend which is divided by the divisor to give the quotient.


8 ÷ 2 = 4 where 8 is the dividend, 2 is the divisor while 4 is the quotient.



This is quite a short blog which serves as a memory jogger on Mathematical terminologies which tend to be taught once in the lower years and never revisited hence fades easily from one's mind. Hope this has refreshed everybody's memory. It is something worth knowing and remembering.


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